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Bumrah’s pace & intelligent use of variations make him lethal

Paras Mhambrey talks about T20 bowling and what makes the young pacer effective in the format

Hitting the right lengths and line consistently is the key to bowling in T20 which is what one can see in Jasprit Bumrah. The young fast bowler has been impressive in a short span of time. What makes him impactful is his disciplined bowling and use of variations.

Here is a fast bowler who has been really quick, has a short run up, a different bowling action but very effective and that really matters. Bumrah always had something special. He is different, especially in the shortest format. In any format you need to have something different to be effective and more so in the shorter formats, like Lasith Malinga, who is different and has something special.

From whatever I have seen lately of Bumrah, I can see that he has evolved as a bowler. It looks like he has worked on his fitness, which is also reflecting in his game. With his kind of action there is always going to be stress on the body, so if you are not fit and don’t maintain yourself you will struggle and the body will give away somewhere down the line as you keep playing, hence focusing on fitness is pertinent.

The other important aspect is skill and Bumrah is excellent in that area too. He can consistently bowl yorkers at a very effective pace, which is great because when that works, it puts the team in a good position. As a team you need someone to finish the game for you by bowling well in the death overs and he can do that. Death overs has always been a problem area and here is a bowler who looks like an option for that. He is someone who can bowl 140 plus; has variations that he can execute during the death overs and is an intelligent bowler. He isn’t someone who just comes in and bowls fast, but uses good variations which makes him very difficult to negotiate and with the kind of action that he has, it is difficult to pick the slower one which we saw against New Zealand.

While working with the bowlers in the nets and while preparing for the T20 format, the focus is to break the drills in to two sets – bowling with the new ball and during the death overs. With the new ball you work on bowling the proper lengths which is as important as proper line. Also the ability to swing the ball is important and while doing that the bowler should be able to control the swing for him to be effective. As a fast bowler you are definitely going to bowl in the death overs so preparation is very important.

However, the death overs have always been a problem since they can shift the momentum either way. It can make the difference between a win and a loss. While practicing for the death overs one has to work on the yorkers as well. Maybe different lines of the yorkers like - on to the stumps, just outside the off-stump and obviously the slower one because in this format, the bowler cannot afford to be predictable. As a bowler, one has to have the ability like a Malinga and Bumrah to bowl good yorkers and execute them well. Adding variations gives different dimensions to one’s bowling making it effective. 

I think Bumrah has got the right ingredients that one looks for in a fast bowler – pace, intelligence to mix-up the variations judiciously and the skill to execute them. It is difficult task and I am happy to see that he is doing it.

While working with a bowler with a unique action, the best approach is not to get technical with him. The coach needs to work with the ingredients that are available and just polish them. If you try and mentor too much by trying to make technical changes, there is a possibility that the bowler might lose his way and struggle. The bowler may lose that uniqueness as well. As a coach one has to work around that and also work on the fitness for him to be able to sustain the workload at the international level. Minor adjustments here and there are fine, but I don’t think such bowlers should be touched.

When Bumrah came to Mumbai Indians, he was very young and very raw. He always had a very different action so the batsmen would find it difficult to pick him in the nets. He came with the run up that he had; people never thought that he would be able to generate such pace and be much sharper than the other guys around. What worked for him was consistently hitting the right length. He has that very nasty kind of in-swinging delivery that comes in and troubles the right-handed batsman. With left-handers that angle is always difficult to negotiate. The focus is on getting the lengths and lines right for his kind of bowling. And the credit should go to him as well for working on his skills diligently.

For the coach it is about being able to guide him about the lengths that he should be bowling. The whole idea was to encourage him to get the variations right. The off break variation is kind of a recent development. This is something which with the action that he has is very difficult to pick. The focus (at the time) was to get him to work on variations and also the consistency aspect like slightly outside the off-stump line, shortish – not exactly a driveable length, but if the ball swings in from there it is difficult for the batsman to get it away. In the twenty20 format, you look to cramp the batsman for space, you don’t want to give room and that’s what the whole challenge is and that is what was worked on with him in the early days.

Helping the bowlers develop variations is where practice comes in. Not everyone can execute every kind of delivery so it is important to be aware of who can bowl which type of delivery and work on them in the nets accordingly. It is about analyzing what a particular bowler will be able to execute. For example - not everyone can bowl the back-of-the-hand slower-one, so we need to access with his kind of bowling action what would be a good and effective option to bowl. He can then go ahead and work on it during practice to make sure that the bowler can execute that at will and is confident enough to bowl that in a match.

The ability to judiciously use the variations comes with practice and experience. A lot of trial and error is involved. One has to be open to different ideas as to be able to survive in the T20 format. One has to keep working on newer things. One might have the ability to bowl the right deliveries, but you also need to have the awareness as to when to bowl them and that will come with trial and error. Understanding of the situation is critical. A bowler needs to start thinking and anticipating the situations and work his way through it.

The mental aspect is as important as the skills part. The margin for error is less so for a bowler an economy below six is fantastic or even seven is acceptable. The performance has to be looked at in its entirety. The format is also such that the batsman is going to be innovative to negotiate the different kind of deliveries so one has to understand and accept that results will not be always in your favour. However, if the game plan has been executed then the bowler should be happy and as a coach you have to reinforce that. It is pertinent to be realistic and be aware. While analyzing the performance every delivery matters.

The significance of a dot ball is more in this format than any other. So while analyzing the performance the no of dot balls bowled has to be considered and the focus should be on bowling as many of them as possible.

The one thing that I focus on is encouraging a bowler to back himself. It’s all about confidence. If you have planned something, focus on it and execute it. I think this format is all about that. To believe that you will deliver is extremely important because of the pressure you are under and the margin of error being very less.

Paras Mhambrey

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A peek into preparing the next crop of Indian cricketers

Paras Mhambrey, India U-19 coach says it is important for young bowlers to keep thinking about their game

While working with the youngsters (Under-19s), you have to see the skill and talent in the context of the experience that they have. Their understanding of the scenario and the ability to read situations has to be gauged and enhanced.

I don’t want them to go through the motions in the nets, but want them to keep thinking about their bowling. I really want them to be intelligent bowlers. I think if you are able to do that, your chances of being successful and picking wickets consistently increase. They need to focus on understanding the options at hand and choosing the right option for a given situation. It is a process and takes a while and it is also about being able to do what is required consistently in matches. Hence, you need to constantly work on the process with them.

Working on basics: You have to work in the right areas with youngsters as even though it is basics, it helps them in the long term. Demonstrating helps them understand the essence and once they understand and master, it's only then that we are moving forward. So I have been focusing on the basics and once you have that, you can then take it further.

While working on the basics, you can’t go overboard with the technical bit, but tweak it a little only if you feel that it is absolutely required. With the season in progress and the ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup about to start, I don’t want to cloud their thinking. I want to keep it as clear as possible so that the bowler is able to go and perform.

We work on the basics like the lengths that the bowler hits. It is important to be consistent with the length in the shorter format.
For example, our practice is about six-ball sequences. Whenever we are bowling in the nets, I ask them to tell me what deliveries they are going to bowl, what lengths they are going to bowl and then after six balls are bowled, I ask them what is the success rate that is achieved and how do we get better. What we look to achieve is to get 4 off 5, 5 off 6 balls as planned. These are the couple of things that you need to work on at the U-19 level.

Pace: While working with fast bowlers, if someone is an out and out fast bowler, then you need to encourage him to bowl quick. Pace is precious at any level and if I feel that’s his forte, I will encourage him to do that. While doing that we also need to focus on how consistently he can hit the right areas. The wicket-taking deliveries are something he needs to work out and we also need to assess what lengths he needs to bowl to get those wickets and also use his pace effectively. It is something that you can work with every bowler. These youngsters are ambitious young guys who want to bowl fast and it is great to see the effort that they put in the nets and in the matches. Obviously there are a lot of wear and tear, however, if you have someone like that, I would encourage him to bowl quick as long as there are controlled body movements. These things are a work in progress and have to be worked on continuously.

Variations: Variations are an important aspect in this format. The bowler needs to vary his pace. Yorker, the bouncer, the slower ball, slow bouncers are some of the variations we focus on. While working on variations, we create situations in nets for practice with field settings.
For example, I ask them what fields they are going to bowl? What changes they are going to make if what they are already doing, isn’t working? We are also working on how to set the batsman up. In a six-ball sequence - when you have bowled two dot balls, then you expect the batsman to go after you to release that pressure so what are the lengths that you need to bowl? Work on the field setting as well for that particular ball. That’s the kind of work, we do to get them to build a thought process about their game.

Bowling in the sub-continent is hard work. I think these bowlers are a lot smarter, intelligent and more aware of it which I think is the best part. They are trying their best, hitting the deck hard putting in that effort in each and every delivery which is good to see.

In the one-day format, you are going to get hit, so you have to bear in mind that the margin for error is less and take it as a challenge. On a flat sub-continent wicket, if a bowler picks up a couple of wickets at economy of three or four with a few maiden, then those are good figures.

It is more about analyzing the situation before and after and comparing them, which I do. I try to understand their thought process while bowling a particular spell. We also discuss the options used and what could have been done differently; their views on it. I ask them if we could have tried some other thing which is about presenting them with different options, because under pressure in a match situation, the thinking can get cloudy. Their thinking can get vague and there could be too many things on their mind, so there is no clarity. So to understand what transpired, we sit after the game and go through the spells and try to deconstruct them.

To prepare them mentally, we keep talking to them. It is an ongoing process. You can get carried away in a situation where the batsman goes after the bowler. In such a case, you can’t really think clearly due to various factors, and at times, you bowl a delivery that you shouldn’t. It happens and with the younger lot, it will happen more because they haven’t played enough cricket. It is acceptable to a certain extent, but we have to think about how we can improve. So we discuss every point. A particular delivery that he could have bowled after setting the batsman up. Setting up a batsman takes a while, but as they continue to play, they will make the right decisions with experience.

White ball cricket:
Since most of the cricket at the junior level is played with the red ball, the solutions ls to keep bowling with the white ball. The white ball generally swings first up and then after a few overs, the ball stops moving. It also requires understanding of the conditions and pitches and how the ball will behave on it. It is more about making them aware about the multiple factors and the finer nuances that have a bearing on the outcome.
You have to keep talking to them about it as these small things eventually make a big difference. It’s just about creating an environment where they start thinking about these important things which they might not have done in the past.

Bowling in different phases of the game:
While practicing for the different phases of the game, we divide them in two spells while working in the nets. The first spell is with the new ball and the second spell is with the older ball. Generally, the first spell is about 36 balls with the new ball and then they come back with the old ball and bowl about 18 deliveries. During practice, sometimes we set the field and the boys have to respond. We give them a six-ball sequence where, for example, first two are going to be short deliveries, the next will be slower one and fourth and fifth will be yorkers outside the off-stump and the last one is a bouncer. And then we gauge the consistency, the accuracy that we could generate. After every six-ball sequence, we discuss how successful we were and what can be done.

Then in the next round they bowl about 12 balls without the batsmen and practice hitting different lengths. Here too we pick the delivery. For example, on which stump is he going to bowl the yorker. That’s how we break it down because we need to cover all the bases.
When you are going into a game, you know who is going to bowl your death overs and that’s where skill practice comes handy. It’s important to make them understand what their role is going to be in that situation. Maybe as a strike bowler, you have to come in first change during the second Power Play and you should be able to play your part well.

We give them that clarity about what is expected out of them – their role and focus on that and nothing else. After giving them clarity of which phase they are more likely to bowl, we cover all the basics not only with the guys who are assigned for Power Plays or death overs, but with the rest of the guys as well. We work with the spinners as well because then we can have the option of using them in the Power Play as well or in the death overs. 

During a tournament, I don’t focus too much on the technical aspects. I don’t want them to be confused. That’s the line we must be careful with. We are feeding them information in small bits at a time so that it is easier to grasp. We are careful with how much information to feed and when to feed. Probing and egging them to try different things is an ongoing process.

I let them take the decision and generally ask what do they think? Sometimes they will also say ‘I don’t think I should have bowled that one’. I want them to self-analyse. I want them to think and be aware of that what they are going to do. I am happy as long as they do that.
Fitness – the youngsters are very aware of being fit. They work well. You have to ensure that there is a balance and not go overboard with hitting the gym. There should be more of net bowling and skill work supplemented by gym training.

Paras Mhambrey

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